AGU期刊一周Research Spotlight
AGU发布最新Editor's Highlight和国外学习工作机会(Mar 15~Mar 21, 2019)
时间:2019年03月21日 13:53来源:www.3522com 点击数:

Editor's Highlight:

本周发布的为AGU EOS (Earth & Space Science News)的Editor's Highlight和中国学生可以申请的北美留学机会!欢迎大家关注我们!

Using Radioactive Tracers to Determine the Ages of Streamflow

Radioactive isotope tracers can be used to determine the relationship between the ages of water that is stored in soil and bedrock, water in streams, and the water used by vegetation.

SOURCE: Water Resources Research

Three different age tracers were used to optimize the parameters of a hydrological model. The panels show the optimum parameter values for different age tracers (more intense is better for that tracer). The pink circle represents the best parameter values for all three age tracers combined. Credit: Visser et al., 2019, Figure 5

Some of the water that is stored in soils and bedrock is young, but other water is very old. Similarly, water flowing in streams has a range of ages. Visser et al. [2019] used the radioactive isotopes of hydrogen (tritium), sodium-22, and sulfur-35 to determine water ages of streamflow for a catchment in the Sierra Nevada. The unique combination of age tracers allowed them to constrain the parameters of a hydrological model and determine the relationship between the ages of water that is stored in the catchment and water in the stream. The results show that during dry conditions streamflow consists mainly of old groundwater, but during wet conditions it includes younger water. The water that is used by plants is relatively young.

Citation: Visser, A., Thaw, M., Deinhart, A., Bibby, R., Safeeq, M., Conklin, M., Esser, B., & Van der Velde, Y. [2019]. Cosmogenic isotopes unravel the hydrochronology and water storage dynamics of the Southern Sierra Critical Zone. Water Resources Research, 55. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR023665

—Ilja van Meerveld, Editor, Water Resources Research


1. Postdoc in Climate Dynamics

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ


2. M.Sc. Opportunities in Northern Hydrometeorology

Prince George, British Columbia, CA

The student will be paid an annual stipend with funding guaranteed for two years

University of Northern British Columbia




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