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AGU期刊一周Research Spotlight
AGU发布最新Research Spotlight和国外学习工作机会(Apr 05~Apr 11, 2019)
时间:2019年04月12日 13:32来源:www.3522com 点击数:

Research Spotlight:

Very Warm Water Observed Along West Antarctic Ice Shelf

Two years of mooring observations at the edge of the continental shelf show that wind stress and upwelling control the inflow of some of the warmest water observed at an ice shelf front in Antarctica.

SOURCE: Geophysical Research Letters

New data gathered from offshore moorings show that warm water up to 1.5°C regularly reaches the front of the western Getz Ice Shelf (pictured here), one of the greatest sources of basal ice shelf melt in Antarctica. Credit: NASA

One of the most important sources of the dense, oxygen- and nutrient-rich bottom waters that drive global ocean circulation is Antarctica's Ross Sea. The cold, salty waters that form in this deep embayment play a crucial role in regulating heat and the availability of oxygen and vital nutrients throughout the world’s oceans.

A significant source of fresh water flowing into the Ross Sea is basal melt from the 34,018-square-kilometer Getz Ice Shelf, which stretches for 650 kilometers along the West Antarctica coast. Because the coastal current steers meltwater from this ice shelf into the Ross Sea, the Getz Ice Shelf's accelerating basal melt rate has the potential to alter bottom water formation there. Yet despite the region’s importance, dedicated observations near the Getz Ice Shelf's western front have been extremely limited to date.

Now Assmann et al. present 2 years of continuous velocity and temperature records from several moorings deployed at depths of 600 to 800 meters in a trough that cuts across the continental shelf west of Siple Island. This is one of the areas where warm Circumpolar Deep Water, which has been linked to the rapid thinning and melting of several West Antarctic ice shelves, can reach the Getz Ice Shelf.

The data show there is a continual flow of Circumpolar Deep Water through the Siple Trough. Although this water often undergoes slight cooling or freshening as it approaches the continent, the data indicate there are frequent occasions when undiluted deep water up to 1.5°C—some of the warmest ever observed at an ice shelf front in Antarctica—reaches the western Getz Ice Shelf front.

The authors' analysis indicates that a combination of wind stress and upwelling at the edge of the continental shelf controls the presence of the warm deep water in this area, although the authors caution that the paucity of data from this region limits their ability to draw robust conclusions. Regardless, this paper is likely to be of great interest to oceanographers and climate scientists who are grappling with the rapid changes occurring in a region with wide-ranging impacts on Earth's oceans. (Geophysical Research Letters, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL081354, 2019)

—Terri Cook, Freelance Writer

Citation: Cook, T. (2019), Very warm water observed along West Antarctic Ice Shelf, Eos, 100, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019EO119837. Published on 11 April 2019.

国外学习工作机会:

1. PhD or MS Assistantship Position in Urban Air Quality

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Marquette University Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009581/phd-or-ms-assistantship-position-in-urban-air-quality/

2. PhD positions in Utrecht University

Utrecht (Gemeenten) (NL)

The minimum net salary is approximately 1,900 per month in the first year.

Universiteit Utrecht

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009583/phd-positions/

3. Graduate Research Assistantship (M.S or Ph.D) at estuarine and coastal modeling or observations

Princess Anne, Maryland

21000-23000 per year + Benefits

University of Maryland Eastern Shore

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009578/graduate-research-assistantship-m-s-or-ph-d-at-estuarine-and-coastal-modeling-or-observations/

4. Academic Coordinator II: Associate Chair, Department of Scripps Institution of Oceanography

La Jolla, California

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009579/academic-coordinator-ii-associate-chair-department-of-scripps-institution-of-oceanography/

5. Ph.D. Student in University of Kentucky (UK)

Lexington, Kentucky

Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Kentucky

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009577/ph-d-student/

6. Computational Hydrogeology Postdoctoral Scholar

Berkeley, California (US)

Salary will be predetermined based on postdoctoral step rates.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009576/computational-hydrogeology-postdoctoral-scholar/

7. Instructional Assistant Professor of Oceanography

College Station, Texas

Texas A&M University Oceanography Department

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009575/instructional-assistant-professor-of-oceanography-/?LinkSource=PremiumListing

8. Postdoctoral Associate/Senior Researcher

Stony Brook, New York

Stony Brook University

https://findajob.agu.org/job/8009569/postdoctoral-associate-senior-researcher/

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