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AGU期刊一周Research Spotlight
AGU发布最新Editor's Highlight和国外工作学习机会(Jul 12~Jul 19, 2019)
时间:2019年07月19日 10:40来源:www.3522com 点击数:

Peeling Back the Layers of the Climate of Mars

A new study ties layers in the polar deposits of Mars to changes in climate driven by orbital variations, constraining accumulation rates and further deciphering the climate history of the Red Planet.

Source: Geophysical Research Letters


 
The extensive South Polar Layered Deposits (SPLD) of Mars are rife with layers of dust and ice whose accumulation can be tied to climate change. Credit: Becerra et al. [2019],Figure 1

Like the Earth, Mars goes through cycles in its climate driven by periodicities in its orbit (i.e, the Martian Milankovitch cycles). The layering seen in the polar deposits of Mars likely records these variations in climate, but deciphering this history has proved elusive, until now. Becerra et al. [2019] used spectral analyses to correlate periodicities in the layering of the South Polar Layered Deposits (SPLD) to orbital oscillations that drive climate change.

Their results permit determination of the accumulation rates in the SPLD, unravelling the recent climate history of Mars and constraining how dust is moved around the planet. Assuming no major hiatuses or periods of erosion, it appears the SPLD formed over 10 to 30 million years. In addition, the time range recorded in these layers is longer than the time range over which models of Mars’s orbit are valid. Consequently, this work may extend our knowledge of the orbital variations of the planet beyond approximately 20 million years, where the orbital models break down, allowing a deeper look into the past of the climate of the Red Planet.

Citation: Becerra, P., Sori, M. M., Thomas, N., Pommerol, A., Simioni, E., Sutton, S. S., et al [2019]. Timescales of the climate record in the south polar ice cap of Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 46. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083588

—Andrew Dombard, Editor, Geophysical Research Letters

 

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US Environmental Protection Agency

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Princeton University

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Boston, Massachusetts (US)

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health

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Clemson, South Carolina

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Clemson University

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